This blog is the apple musings of Kevin Hauser, owner of Kuffel Creek Apple Nursery in Riverside, Southern California, about 45 miles inland from Los Angeles. 

We specialize in growing apples suited for a hot inland climate with warm winters where citrus is the traditional crop.  We have over 100 varieties growing here, and yes, they produce wonderful apples.  The apple on the header of this blog is Arkansas Black, and our heat makes them wonderfully crisp and flavorful, far superior to the hard tasteless ones grown in the mountains.

To see the main apple website click on www.kuffelcreek.com/apples.htm


54 Responses

  1. I am so glad to have found your site. What a great resource!

  2. I was charmed and delilghted by the photos and the information on apples around the world! Do you have any recommendations for the north Texas area apple enthusiast? SUmmers are hotter than the blazes!

    • We can hit 115 degrees here, so we know a thing or two about heat also.
      Pink Lady has proven itself in Las Vegas as being ultra heat-resistant. I would also recommend Lurared, Arkansas Black, Dorsett Golden, Anna, Williams’ Pride, Rome Beauty, Dixie Red Delight, Enterprise, GoldRush, and Gala.

  3. I was told that you might be able to help me with a loquat plant. I believe that they are related to roses and apples. One of my four plants got sick this summer. The new growth is very stunted on every branch and the edges of the leaves are burned. I believe it is getting enough water. There is no gross abnormality on the trunk/branches that I can see. No evidence of mites or fungus that is visible. Any thoughts?


  4. Kevin,
    I was glad to see information about your action research published recently in The Sunset Western Garden book. Congratulations! I appreciate the work that you have done helping to promote the viablity of apple trees in warm climates. If you were to venture a guess, how many apple trees are planted in Southern California schools as a result of your work?

    • Thanks John:

      I would say about 150, and we add about 20-30 a year. We just finished an orchard at Jackson and the principal was looking at the scrawny little trees and wondering if this is really going to work; after 5 years of experience, I assured it definately would and the trees will outgrow anything that tries to hurt them.

  5. Hi! I’m so bummed that I’ve found your site AFTER ordering from Trees of Antiquity, although if the ones I ordered fail, I’ll be putting in an order! I am happy to see that Pink Lady does well in SoCal — thank you so much for your research! I suspect that lots of things which I’m not supposed to be able to grow will do fine here in Canyon Country. I’m going to put in two experimental trees this year, and I’ll let you know what happens — I’m planting Ashmead’s Kernel, which I’ve read about for years, and Niedwetskyana — a red-fleshed parent of many red-fleshed crabs, or so I’ve read. I’ll let you know what comes of my experimental trees, and I may have to make room for a couple more. 🙂

    • Thanks for the comment Bonnie.

      I should warn you that Ashmead’s Kernel fruited fine here, but the quality was not very good. Rubinette had more of the classic Cox taste; I’ll be anxious to hear how your experiments go.


  6. I left a reply in another spot but it may have been the wrong spot so I will leave it here as well. I have a small orchard in Louisiana with Gala and Ein No. 28 trees. My trees are about 20 feet tall and doing quit well. However there is a problem. The flowering time of the two varieties is out of wack. The gala is early and the ein is later and as such no pillonation. Do you have any suggestions as to a variety that I could ad that would help with the pollination problem?
    Thanks Ernie

  7. Ernie:

    I’m afraid I’ve never heard of Ein No. 28 apple. Could it be Ein Shemer? (green apples ripening in early July). If so, Anna is it’s pollinator, but Ein Shemer is a lousy variety. Dorsett Golden is much superior.

    As for Gala, it doesn’t really need a pollinator, but Granny Smith will do so nicely.

  8. I LOVE your website! I just planted 5 trees along our driveway in the San Fernando Valley – got them locally, but they’re from DWN. Now I’m bummed because I certainly would have found a way to get them from you and plant 5 more trees in friend’s yard’s. Oh well, maybe next year.

    I do have a question – our good friend and neighbor has a big apple tree that she inherited when she bought the house. The apples are terrible and suggests someone planted a seed. Would you suggest grafting a few scions (never done it, but you make it look easy in the videos) onto the existing or chopping it down and starting fresh?

    Thank you for having such a wonderful site!

    • You will get fruit faster if you graft onto it, which may or may not work depending on the age of the tree. But you have nothing to lose by trying, so give it a shot!

  9. I live in Uganda, East Africa. We have a tropical climate here and would like to know if I can try out some apple varieties here. Is it possible for me to buy grafted trees from you and have them shipped over to Uganda ?

    • Allan;

      Yes, we ship grafted apple trees to Uganda all the time, as well as Eastern and Central Africa. What part of Uganda do you live in?

      • Hi Allan,
        Thanks for your good work with apples.
        I am i the same dilemma, for my case, i need an apple scion wood that can thrive well in Kampala Uganda. i already have a young apple plant at home that i sprouted my self from seed and i must say it’s doing well.
        i will be glad if u refer me to a person in Kampala who already has a trees with fruit as i need only one scion wood.
        or u can possibly quote fro me the price of sending me a scion wood.

      • Mr. Wadeya, you can contact jblwangaatyahoo.co.uk, but substituting an “@” for “at” in the email address (I do this to prevent spam).

      • Thanks Allan for your quick response. i have sent mail to the address you provided me.i cant wait to have a scion wood!

  10. Hello, You state above that Gala also grew well in warm weather areas. We live in the hills near San Elijo hills in Southern California, north of San Diego and I have not been able to find Gala apple trees, everyone states they need too many chill hours for San Diego, so they don’t carry them. Do you know where I can find one this time of year. I am going to plant a fuji apple and would like to polinate with the Gala. Thank you.

  11. Hallo,

    my brother Paul Werner and I (Rudolf Werner)we are Germans and are starting a project in Uganda to help orphants. We are Christians and our aim is to give this children a new home, teaching in schools and to give food to this childes. We have a land in the near of Masindi and we just starting to plant different trees on our land. Now we are looking for trees by which we can get a lot of good fruits for our children. Especially we are also looking to get apple trees which grows in this hot climate. We want to plant a few hundred of fruit trees. Do you think you can help us to get this trees. I will enjoy if you answer me.

    Rudolf Werner

    (Life for all e.V.)

  12. You have convinced me to try an Arkansas Black. I think I have room for one more apple tree.

  13. I live near Rochester NY and have been bench grafting and top grafting fruit trees for a few years as a hobby. Do I have to have a license and have the trees inspected to send them for free to Africa and possibly Papua New Guinea? I have 10 of the varieties you listed as tested warm weather varieties.

    • Yes, if you are propagating trees you’ll need a nursery license to call for inspection, and them must be inspected and be issued a phytosanitary certificate per the import permit that you must obtain from the importing country, or else they will refuse shipment.

  14. This is a great blog/site! I’m so glad I found it. I’m getting ready to relocate with my family to Ethiopia and wanted to plant some apple trees (my son eats them like mad!) The problem is that I’m not sure that there is enough chilling to set the blossoms. The night time temps go down into the forties or fifties, but never drop below 40F. If that will do it, can you recommend a couple of varieties and their pollinators? I’ll have space for 8 – 10 trees if I space them 15 feet apart, in two rows. Thanks!

  15. I found your site extremely useful and interesting. I grow Macintosh and Goodland apples in Winnipeg Manitoba Canada. To prevent worms from invading apples as they grow we spray the trees anytime before blossoming and we are worm free. Have you tried either of these varieties and how successful are they? My daughter is interested in growing apples in Mexico, near Oaxaca. She wonders what variety would be best there. They have approximately the same climate you have.

    Len Perron

  16. Hi Kevin
    I admire the work you do to plant apple in Africa. As I came across the reportage NPR made about you, I was wondering if you have ever considered trying to grow apple in the sub-saharian part of Africa? let’s say for instance in Senegal?
    Thank you and great work

  17. Hi Kevin,

    I live in the island of Trinidad, West Indies and I’m wondering if there are any variety of apples that can grow here, and whether you’ve shipped any plants to Trinidad in the past.

    Thanks for this wonderful and informative site.

    God Bless

    • Yes, there are many varieties that will grow there, and we put in an effort over two years to try to import them, our USDA providing documents your ministry had requested. However they would not accept them as genuine without further certification, which our USDA refused; thus, it is at an impasse I’m sorry to say.

  18. Thanks Kevin, it is unfortunate that this stalemate now exists..

    One option is that I can try to hatch some seedlings from seeds – is this feasible?

    God Bless

    • Winston:

      You can, but apples do not reproduce true to seed, and so you’ll most likely get nasty “spitters”. You could use the seedling az rootstock and graft a good variety onto if.

      God bless you.


  19. Hi Kevin,

    I was looking over your apple list and I noticed that you had tried Knobbed Russet. My professor and I were wondering how you got a hold of one? We’ve been establishing a heritage orchard as part of a class out in Virginia for a couple years and the Russet has always been one we’ve wanted to grow but we’ve been unable to get our hands on any scion-wood.

    Also in going over the less then successful varieties, it seemed a lot of the apples ended up mushy. What do you think caused this? I live on the other side of the Santa Ana Mountains and while it’s a very different climate then Riverside I’m uncertain if it’s different enough that it might be worth trying some of them out.

    • Richard Fahey at the Catholic Homesteading Movement will sell you Knobbed Russet, along with a bunch of others. Send him a SASE to Catholic Homesteading Movement, 588 Turner Rd. Oxford, NY 13830 You’ll have to write, as they have no phone, no computer, no internet. You’ll have to order for next year as they’re out by Feb. 22nd.

      The apples that ended up mushy are undoubtedly from our intense heat, especially during ripening times. Some hold up very well, and seem to benefit from a lot of heat (Granny Smith, Arkansas Black) and others suffer terribly (Northern Spy, Court Pendu Plat). Place of origin seems to have little to do with it; you just have to try it and see what happens. There are so many good varieties that love the heat it’s not worth your time messing with marginal ones.

  20. Thanks for the great resource. I am very much interested in growing apples. Could you recommend some varieties which can do well in the tropics, specifically along the equator? Thanks


  21. I apologize if you’ve answered this already, I skimmed the comments. I live in the desert of Southern Ca, in the Imperial Valley, where it is between 100-120 for at least 6 months of the year. I see that there are varieties that produce well in heat, but do they produce well in such prolonged heat? I am very interested in purchasing some trees if they can produce here! I didn’t think we were able to grow apples here successfully. Thanks.

    • Yes; as long as it cools off around October when the apples are ripening they seem to be able to withstand a great deal of prolonged heat during the summer. Late-ripening varieties like Fuji, Cripp’s Pink, King David, and Granny Smith do the best. You’ll have to have them on drip irrigation and probe the soil to make sure water is getting 3 feet down to the roots.

  22. Hello Mr. Hauser. I am interested in purchasing apple trees from you, but don’t have Microsoft Outlook to contact you via e-mail. I want to get my order to you asap, but had a question regarding delivery. My orchard is in the mountains of Western North Carolina, and it’s time to set trees. However, I will be out of town from March 29th until April 6th. Is it possible to mail my trees so that they will arrive when I am back home? There probably isn’t enough time to receive them beforehand. Thanks!

    • Hi Evan;

      Depending on the size of your order we might be able to get them before you leave, otherwise we can send it for when you get back. Get the order in as soon as possible.

  23. Hey am a university student doing Bsc Agriculture i would like you to help me with more literature about apples.I would like to venture in this business!

  24. Do you have any varieties for south Florida and the cost and how to order? Please.

  25. Pls, I have some apple trees an seedling to plant. the grafting, is it between apple root stalk and apple scorn, or any other fruit bearing tree?

    • No, you must graft apple to apple rootstock; you cannot graft mango to apple or apple to avocado, etc.

  26. Do you sell out of Riverside?

    • Yes, we ship mail order only and do not have a retail location to pick up the trees.

  27. Hello! I am interested in purchasing apple trees from you. but is it possible for you to ship grafted trees to Sri Lanka? will it grow well in Sri Lankan climate(30ºC- 35ºC)

    • Rainfall will determine the suitability more than temperature. If there are heavy rains during blossoming period, it knocks the petals off the flowers or keeps pollinators from flying. We do have varieties that can stand the fungal disease pressure of such a climate.

  28. Hello Mr. Hauser,
    I’m grateful and inspired by your commitment to the African Continent. May GOD richly bless you for your novel work.

    I’m a post-graduate (MSc) student in Nigeria and I read from one of your posts online that you make supplies to my nation. Please can you link me up with any of the individuals or establishments that you’ve made deliveries to.

    I’m interested in carrying out a research on apple cultivation in Nigeria.
    Thank you and God bless.

  29. I wish can purchase few apple tree from yours as my pilot project here and my local (Malaysia, state of Negeri Sembilan) climate are between 24ºC-34ºC.

    It’s apple tree will grow well here and possible will bear fruits?

    I got 1 red delicious apple tree order from taiwan was flowering before but not success bear fruits yet so far and can I know why (It’s cool chilling hours not enough?

    Thanks for you guide and your co-operation are appreciated.

  30. I came across an old article that mentioned a sun/pest protectant paint mix you were trying: http://fruitgrowersnews.com/article/painting-tree-trunks-protects-against-rodents-borers/

    “If it works again this year, I’m ready to declare victory, as we’ve gotten hammered from borers over the last several years,” Hauser said. “We’ve settled on one-third white paint (I use Glidden Gripper paint), one-third all-purpose drywell joint compound and one-third water. This brushes on well, but makes a thick coat.”

    I’m curious if you continued to have success with this sort of mixture against flathead borer, and if so, what type of drywall mix you prefer.
    I’d also love to hear any other thoughts on various borers that you encounter and how you deal with them.

    These past few years in Oregon we’ve had a spike of borer issues in our hazelnuts and fruit trees, and everyone is looking for a solution. Unfortunately. flathead borers seem frustratingly inconsistent when it comes to what they will and won’t target. Even 100% normal latex paint does not seem to offer protection.

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